Restrictions in Ihram

Ihram 05

What is Ihram:

A Muslim wears Ihram to perform Hajj and Umrah, as our religion teaches us equality, Ihram is a white clothing which is intended to make everyone appear the same.

Ihram is also referred as a sacred state which a Muslim must enter in order to perform Hajj or Umrah. A pilgrim must enter into this state before crossing Miqat.

Restrictions in Ihram:

The things which are forbidden in Ihram are things which a person must refrain from doing because of being in Ihram. There are some prohibitions, for and during the Ihram. Once the pilgrim enters into the state of Ihram, from then, until they complete their Umrah, they are supposed to abandon particular things which are listed below and some of them are discussed as well for proper understanding.

Some of these forbidden acts are discussed below:

  1. Using perfume.
  2. Cursing other people.
  3. Looking at the woman and indulging in fore-play.
  4. Masturbation.
  5. Marriage.
  6. For men only: wearing the sewn clothes.
  7. Applying kohl on the eyes.
  8. Looking in a Mirror.
  9. Quarreling with others.
  10. Killing the insects on one’s body.
  11. Using cosmetics.
  12. Applying oil on the body.
  13. Sexual Intercourse.
  14. Getting rid of the bodily hair.
  15. Causing blood to come out of one’s body.
  16. Clipping the nail.
  17. Pulling out the teeth.
  18. Carrying arms.
  19. Hunting AnimalsPerfume:

    It is not permissible to use the perfume in any shape or form: applying it on the body, wearing it, smelling it, eating (something that has good smell) or wearing a cloth which has scent of a perfume on it. “Perfume” means whatever is used to apply scent on the body, the clothes, or the food, etc., such as musk, saffron, etc. The only exception is the “khulūqu ’l-Ka‘bah” (a perfume extracted from saffron, etc.) which is used on the Ka‘bah.

    If a pilgrim in ihram knowingly eats a scented item or dons on a cloth that has perfume on it, then, based on obligatory precaution, he has to pay a penalty in form of sacrificing a sheep. The penalty will be repeated as many times as the offence is repeated. However, if this was done unintentionally then there is no penalty on him.

    Intercourse, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

    “So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein (by assuming Ihraam), then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj”[al-Baqarah 2:197]

    Soaps & Shampoos:

    It is permissible for the pilgrim in ihram to use soaps and shampoos that are unscented. Based on obligatory precaution, one should refrain from smoking the scented cigars.

    Fruits & Vegetables:

    It is permissible for the pilgrim in ihram to eat fruits and vegetables that has good smell such as apples, coriander leaves, etc.

    seasonings placed over the food:

    Similarly, condiments and seasonings placed over the food are not permissible for one who is in ihram. However, eating the dish made with such a seasoning is permissible.

    Male Pilgrim’s Dress:

    It is forbidden for a male pilgrim in ihram to knowingly wear a dress which has a button or something similar to it. It also forbidden for him to wear trousers or something similar to it. Based on precaution, he must also refrain from wearing the normal clothes like a shirt and if he knowingly commits something which is forbidden, then he has to pay the penalty in form of sacrificing a sheep.

    Lotions & Creams:

    It is permissible for the pilgrim in ihram to use unscented lotions for medical purpose.

    Hair & Head:

    The pilgrim in ihram is not allowed to get rid of his bodily hair  If he does so, then he has to pay the penalty.

    Looking in the Mirror:

    The pilgrim is not allowed to look in the mirror for adorning himself. However, if it is done for other reason (such as the driver who needs to look into the rearview or side mirrors), then that would be permissible.

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WORSHIP IN ISLAMIC VIEW

worship

The concept of worship (Ibadah) in Islam is misunderstood by lots of people including several Muslims. Worship is generally taken to mean performing ritualistic acts such as prayers (Namaz), fasting (Roza), charity (zakat), etc. This limited understanding of worship (Ibadah) is only one part of the meaning of worship (Ibadah) in Islam. That is why the traditional definition of worship in Islam is a complete definition that includes almost the whole thing in any individual’s activities.

In other words, worship is everything a person says or does for the pleasure of ALLAH Almighty. This, of course, includes rituals as well as beliefs, and personal contributions to the wellbeing of one’s fellow human-beings. Islam looks at the individual as an entire. He is required to submit himself completely to ALLAH Almighty, as the Holy Quran instructed the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to do:

Verse 6:162 and 163 of Holy Quran,

Say, “Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for ALLAH, Lord of the worlds. No partner has He. And this I have been commanded, and I am the first [among you] of the Muslims.”

As a matter of fact Islam does not think much of simple rituals when they are performed mechanically and have no influence on one’s internal life.

Verse 2:177 of Holy Quran,

Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in ALLAH, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveller, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfil their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous.

The deeds in the above verse (Ayat) are the deeds of righteousness and they are just a part of worship. It is value noting that even performing one’s responsibilities is considered a kind of worship. Kindness to members of one’s family is an act of worship (Ibadah) as when a person puts a piece of food in his spouse’s mouth. It is clear, from the preceding discussion that the concept of worship (Ibadah) in Islam is a comprehensive concept that includes all the positive activities of a person.

It regulates human life on all levels: individual, economic, social, political and spiritual. That is why Islam provides direction to the smallest details of one’s life on all levels. Thus following these details is following Islamic instructions in that exact area. It is a very encouraging element when one realizes that all his activities are considered by ALLAH Almighty as acts of worship.

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REWARDS OF DOING GOOD DEEDS AND PUNISHMENTS OF DOINGWRONG

rewards-and-punishment-in-islam

The religion of peace Islam is an absolute code of life which devises guiding principle for its Believers in every walk of life. ALLAH Almighty sent His Last divine Book, the Holy Quran on His Final Messenger, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) that contains important useful instructions for Muslims. It clearly informs about forbid-dance of sins and wrongdoings and like the periods and nations before them so that they can be successful in this world and hereafter.

Every person has the aware to differentiate between wrong and right, which calls for taking even a slight transgression as a huge means of destruction. A person should not belittle its small proportion of sins as they finally mount up to become eventual disappointment just like drops of water eventually form an ocean. The act of not focusing or weighing minor wrongdoings in significance leads to making habit of involving or committing them in daily life which is the reason of being unsuccessful in front of the ALLAH Almighty.

Verse 24:15 of Holy Quran

“When you received it with your tongues and said with your mouths that of which you had no knowledge and thought it was insignificant while it was, in the sight of Allah, tremendous.”

This above mentioned Quranic verse magnifies the degree of importance of small things that we do not usually care about doing. The ALLAH Almighty informs about the slight sins that are committed by humans one way or the other and that they do have a few serious repercussions.

A real disciple of the Religion of Peace Islam knows the quantity of harm a single action of crime does to it. A staunch believer of Islamic teachings takes each and every sin as a black spot on his or her heart which adds up to blackening of the whole heart eventually. It shows that a real believer has the clear realization about detrimental effects of even committing a slight action or thought of evil. On the other hands, an evil person keeps on enjoying the actions of wickedness and its heart is unconscious of its rightful responsibilities.

The Sacred Book Holy Quran of ALLAH Almighty sent down His Final and Last Book, in order to provide His servants true purpose and meaning of life. It clearly informs its readers about the rewards for noble and good deeds done and also the punishments in disobeying the commands of ALLAH Almighty.

Verse 15:50 of Holy Quran

 And that it is My punishment which is the painful punishment.

Thus, by reciting the Holy Quran, a person would come to know about serious results and punishment of one’s sins done in this life. Majority of us do not give much attention to our small deeds that also involve some minor sins. The need of the hour is to understand and realize that a person has to ask the Most Merciful, ALLAH Almighty for Mercy for all wrong and evil actions that are committed either voluntary or involuntary.

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HISTORY OF WATER OF ZAMZAM

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Observe, how reliant upon and submissive to ALLAH Almighty Prophet Ibraheem (AS) was. Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) had left His 2 dear ones, Bibi Hajra and Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) in a barren area in city Makkah. Makkah at the time was completely isolated with not any evident buildings or people living there as there was no water for survival. There, Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) left them.  Following the order of ALLAH Almighty, Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) left.

Verse 37 of Surah Ibraheem;

Our Lord, I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House, our Lord, that they may establish prayer. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful.

Bibi Hajra, the mother of Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) settled with Her son where Hazart Ibraheem (AS) left them. She drank from the water that, Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) had left for them. This water ultimately ran out as the water container dried up. As a result, Bibi Hajra became thirsty, and so did Her son who started crying and became unsettled because of his extreme thirst.

Bibi Hajra didn’t like to see Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) in that state and She set forth looking for water. Safa being the mountain closest to Her, She climbed it and looked down at the valley to see that if she could find some water or anyone to assist Her. She found no one there and so She descended from the Hill until She reached the valley. Then She climbed to Hill of Marwa in keeping Her search for water but to no avail.

She went back to Safa then back again to Marwah for many times. Then after she prayed a lot, there was Angel Hazrat Jibraeel (AS), who hit the ground with his wing until pure and fresh water emerged. That became well-known as Zamzam water. The mother of Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) gathered the water with her hands and collected it while it was springing out. Bibi Hajra thanked ALLAH Almighty, the One who endows countless bounties upon His slaves.

During Hajj and Umrah, pilgrims are recommended to drink water of Zamzam to their fill to quench their thirst. They also maintain the tradition of bringing it back for their family and friends.

Verse 2:158 of Holy Quran;

 Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are among the symbols of ALLAH. So whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs ‘umrah – there is no blame upon him for walking between them. And whoever volunteers good – then indeed, ALLAH is appreciative and Knowing.

O ALLAH Almighty, we ask you to grant us Hajj and Umrah and the visit of the Prophet Mosque (Masjid-e-Nabwi) and Holy Kaaba. Ameen.

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