What is Ihram:
A Muslim wears Ihram to perform Hajj and Umrah, as our religion teaches us equality, Ihram is a white clothing which is intended to make everyone appear the same.
Ihram is also referred as a sacred state which a Muslim must enter in order to perform Hajj or Umrah. A pilgrim must enter into this state before crossing Miqat.
Restrictions in Ihram:
The things which are forbidden in Ihram are things which a person must refrain from doing because of being in Ihram. There are some prohibitions, for and during the Ihram. Once the pilgrim enters into the state of Ihram, from then, until they complete their Umrah, they are supposed to abandon particular things which are listed below and some of them are discussed as well for proper understanding.
Some of these forbidden acts are discussed below:
- Using perfume.
- Cursing other people.
- Looking at the woman and indulging in fore-play.
- For men only: wearing the sewn clothes.
- Applying kohl on the eyes.
- Looking in a Mirror.
- Quarreling with others.
- Killing the insects on one’s body.
- Using cosmetics.
- Applying oil on the body.
- Sexual Intercourse.
- Getting rid of the bodily hair.
- Causing blood to come out of one’s body.
- Clipping the nail.
- Pulling out the teeth.
- Carrying arms.
- Hunting AnimalsPerfume:
It is not permissible to use the perfume in any shape or form: applying it on the body, wearing it, smelling it, eating (something that has good smell) or wearing a cloth which has scent of a perfume on it. “Perfume” means whatever is used to apply scent on the body, the clothes, or the food, etc., such as musk, saffron, etc. The only exception is the “khulūqu ’l-Ka‘bah” (a perfume extracted from saffron, etc.) which is used on the Ka‘bah.
If a pilgrim in ihram knowingly eats a scented item or dons on a cloth that has perfume on it, then, based on obligatory precaution, he has to pay a penalty in form of sacrificing a sheep. The penalty will be repeated as many times as the offence is repeated. However, if this was done unintentionally then there is no penalty on him.
Intercourse, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein (by assuming Ihraam), then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj”[al-Baqarah 2:197]
Soaps & Shampoos:
It is permissible for the pilgrim in ihram to use soaps and shampoos that are unscented. Based on obligatory precaution, one should refrain from smoking the scented cigars.
Fruits & Vegetables:
It is permissible for the pilgrim in ihram to eat fruits and vegetables that has good smell such as apples, coriander leaves, etc.
seasonings placed over the food:
Similarly, condiments and seasonings placed over the food are not permissible for one who is in ihram. However, eating the dish made with such a seasoning is permissible.
Male Pilgrim’s Dress:
It is forbidden for a male pilgrim in ihram to knowingly wear a dress which has a button or something similar to it. It also forbidden for him to wear trousers or something similar to it. Based on precaution, he must also refrain from wearing the normal clothes like a shirt and if he knowingly commits something which is forbidden, then he has to pay the penalty in form of sacrificing a sheep.
Lotions & Creams:
It is permissible for the pilgrim in ihram to use unscented lotions for medical purpose.
Hair & Head:
The pilgrim in ihram is not allowed to get rid of his bodily hair If he does so, then he has to pay the penalty.
Looking in the Mirror:
The pilgrim is not allowed to look in the mirror for adorning himself. However, if it is done for other reason (such as the driver who needs to look into the rearview or side mirrors), then that would be permissible.
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